Bibliography and references:


Crash Bandicoot 2: Cortex Strikes Back

Crash2Crash Bandicoot 2: Cortex Strikes Back was published by Sony Computer Entertainment in 1997 and is a direct sequel of the first Crash Bandicoot.

Cortex_HologramThe story of Crash Bandicoot 2: Cortex Strikes Back takes place shortly after the events of the first Crash Bandicoot. Crash is looking for a spare laptop battery for his sister coco and when Cortex abducts him, tricking him into believing he’s changed his ways and into gathering the crystals for him.

Crash gets contacted by Coco  who tries to help and Dr. Nitrus Brio, who tells him that if he wants to save the world he should collect the gems instead of the crystals.

When Crash gets all the Crystals Cortex reveals his true intentions of turning every creature into a slave, but again Crash defeats Cortex and banishes him into space. If Crash collects all the gems, N Brio uses them to destroy Cortex’s  space station.

Considered superior to the first Crash Bandicoot, and praised for its graphics, control and music. It is one of the best selling PlayStation 1 games of all time.

crash bandicoot 2 cortex strikes back trailer

Jak 3

Jak_3_Coverart 2764357-2573859_jak_and_daxter_3Jak 3 continues the events of Jak II, and with the death of Baron Praxis, Ashelin Praxis, his daughter becomes governess of Haven city. She reformed the Krimzon Guard into the Freedom league  and defeat surviving Metal Heads. However peace does not last as Count Veger’s plot succeeds and Jak is banished, where he has to find a way back to the city and defeat his biggest enemy so far, the Dark Makers, made by corrupted Dark Eco.

spyno1-jak-and-daxter-1342981-1024-768From Jak II the Morph Gun has been given more abilities and the world is far bigger containing one more city and a wasteland, where Jak can drive a Buggy type vehicle.

Jak 3 was also very well received by critics, with the only criticism being the degree of dificulty.


Jak 3 trailer


Jak II

256px-JakIIboxJak II (JakII: Renegade n Europe and Australia) the second title in the Jak and Daxter series, with darker themes and elements, it was released in 2003 for the PlayStation 2 console.

art01_21The gameplay in Jak II is quite different from The Precursor Legacy, wielding a Morph gun firearm that throughout the game can receive improvements, upgrades and modifications.

Jak and Daxter arrive at Haven city, under the control of Baron Praxis and in a war with the Metal Heads. There Jak is captured by the Praxis’ Krimzon Guard, and is experimented on for over two years until Daxter rescues him. Jak can now transform into a darker version of himself, he can gain new abilities for his dark form by collecting Metal Head skull gems.

Darkjakjak_2The story is far longer than the previous game and the plot twists and turns and even has time travel points, making this game a far more mature title and unlike any other platformer in the world at its time.

With very positive reviews from critics, it won several awards and is known for being one of the best looking, uncommon games for the PlayStation 2.


Jak II Trailer

Jak and Daxter: The Precursor Legacy

TPL_coverJak and Daxter: The Precursor Legacy is the first of the Jak and Daxter franchise, one of the first platformers on the PlayStation 2 and considered one of the best. Published by Sony Computer Entertainment on December 2001.

Jak, the silent protagonist of the game is a determined and strong 15 year old. Accompanied by his trouble making friend Daxter, who in the beggining of the game is transformed into an Ottsel (hybrid between otter and weasel)Jak-and-Daxter-the-Precursor-Legacy-Wallpapers-jak-and-daxter-12836044-1056-792

precursororbSet on a fictional planet created by Naughty Dog, the player’s goal is to gather items, the main collectible being Power Cells that the player needs to progress through the levels. Other collectibles include the Precursor Orbs, used as currency and Scout Flies, that reward the player with a Power Cell if all 7 Flies are collected in a level.

Eco is a powerful energy with six different forms, green Eco regenerates Jak’s health, Blue Eco raises Jak’s speed and attracts precursor orbs, Red Eco increases Jak’s attack power and Yellow Eco allows the player to shoot energy through his hands. Other types of Eco are the Dark Eco, that damages the player in small quantities but large amounts result in immediate death, and the Light Eco, only seen during the final Boss battle and is a combination of green, blue, red and yellow Eco.Jak and daxter


originalJak and Daxter get in trouble after going against Samos the Sage’s warnings and going to Misty island where they see people scheming with an army of evil creatures named Lurkers. They try to leave unnotced but are attacked by a Lurker, and with an accidental explosion, Daxter is thrown into Dark Eco which turns him into an Ottsel. They manage to escape and return to their village where they seek help to return Daxter to normal. To return Daxter to normal they must find Gol, the Dark Eco sage and the main villain. In order to get to Gol, they need Power Cells, that the player obtains by completing levels and challenges, defeating bosses along the way. Ultimately Daxter sacrifices his chance to return to normal in order to defeat Gol and save the world.


Jak and Daxter: The Precursor Legacy  was a success with very positive reviews praising the graphics, characters and gameplay.

The Last of Us

8250226725_eb07a3e814_oThe Last of Us is a character driven survival action horror game for the PlayStation 3, developed by Naughty Dog and scheduled for release May 7th 2013.

6484011989_b4133101ee_oThe game takes place in a post apocalyptic world, where the population was infected and decimated by a plague, and survivors do whatever they can for food and supplies. We follow the journey of two survivors, Ellie the young but wise teenage girl and Joel, a survivor and her protector in their journey through the United States.

The game includes new gameplay mechanics called “dynamic stealth” giving the player a large number of ways to approach a situation.8262793956_a41b8957ab_o


There were several teasers to the game including a clip from BBC’s Planet Earth showing insects infected with parasitic fungi and an in-game reference in Uncharted 3: Drake’s Deception.

The Last of Us teaser trailer

Major inspirations include comic book series The Walking Dead and novel like I Am Legend, No Country for Old men and City of Thieves.6484012229_935c334f1d_o

The Last of Us is the first time Naughty Dog has created a second new intellectual property to the same console generation.

Even though not much is known about The Last of Us, it already received praise for its outstanding visual graphics and innovative gameplay mechanics. It has won a considerable amount of E3 awards.

The Last of Us Gameplay Trailer

Uncharted: Drake’s Fortune

official_wallpaperUncharted: Drake’s Fortune is an action adventure video game for the PlayStation 3 developed by Naughty Dog and published by Sony Computer entertainment. A third person perspective that combines action, adventure and 3D platforming.

The main protagonist is Nathan Drake, the descendant of the famous explorer Sir Francis Drake and with the help of his friend and mentor Victor “Sully” Sullivan and the curious journalist Elena Fisher, he embarks on a journey to discover the lost treasure El Dorado.


Naughty Dog wanted to take maximum advantage of the new PlayStation 3 system, so they opted to leave the Jak and Daxter franchise behind and create something “fresh and interesting” and their inspiration was taken from movies such as Indiana Jones and National treasure, but also Movie serials and pulp magazines. Naughty Dog wanted the environments to be a lush and vibrant realistic world that encouraged exploration.

Aiming for a photorealistic character design, the artists portrayed Nathan Drake as resourceful and  adamant hero  with more human qualities  and more relatable as an everyman character than most heavy duty armor-wielding heroes.


Uncharted has an action adventure platformer type third person view gameplay that takes full advantage of its features. The platforming aspect allows the player to climb, jump, scale along ledges and swing from ropes,  that let Drake progress through the areas  he explores. During combat, Nate can only carry one primary weapon (rifle) and one secondary weapon (pistol) at a time, and eventually grenades. He can also engage in a melee fight using combo attacks to take out foes.

There are also vehicle sections in a jeep and a jet ski where the player wields more powerful weapons.

The player can achieve medals (later trophies) by collecting treasures or accomplishing challenges, and in later playthroughs of the game, they can unlock special options and extras.

830px-Drowned_City_Concept_ArtThe game starts with Nathan “Nate” Drake uncovering the coffin of Sir Francis Drake from the ocean, with the help from Elena Fisher who is filming for a documentary. The coffin however, only had Sir Francis Drake’s diary with the map to El Dorado, the mythical city of gold. Their enthusiasm doesn’t last as they are attacked by pirated that followed Nate, but they manage to escape with the help of Sully. Nate and Sully double cross Elena leaving her behind as they follow the coordinates in drake’s diary. They find that El Dorado is actually a huge gold statue, but that it was taken long ago. Soon after they find an old wrecked U-boat where Nate finds a page of Drake’s diary pointing to an island where the statue is.uncharted-10b

They are soon discovered by Gabriel Roman, a treasure collector Sully owes money to, accompanied by Atoq Navarro an archaeologist also searching for the statue and Eddy Raja, the leader of the pirates that attacked Nate. The heroes refuse to help and Roman then proceeds tho shoot Sullivan in the chest. Nathan manages to escape, running into Elena who followed him there.

Statue_of_El_Dorado_1Nathan and Elena then fly to the island where the statue was taken however, Eddy Raja’s pirates are already there. They fight their way through the island discovering more and more about the treasure, they find out that Sully survived the gunshot and rescue him. They finally discover that El Dorado is actually cursed, and that it somehow mutates humans into raging beasts with superhuman strength and speed.

With many turns of events Nate uncovers the truth that Sir Francis Drake actually died on the island stopping the curse from spreading and that Atoq Navarro knew about the curse all along and intended to sell the statue as a bio-chemical weapon. Nathan manages to save Elena and sink the El Dorado statue and Navarro along with it.

Uncharted: Drake’s Fortune was unanimously praised by critics for its graphics and visuals, character depth and immersive gameplay, the few criticisms the game received was for the playthrough time being rather short and having some repetitive firefights.

It won several Game of the year awards and awards for best graphics technology and best original score.

Uncharted: Drake’s Fortune Trailer E3